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Located in North Chicago, Illinois, the Great Lakes Naval Training Center is the Navy’s headquarters command for training. It is the largest training center the US Navy has, and is also the largest military installation in Illinois. The base covers a total of 1,628 acres, and boasts an impressive 1,153 buildings.
Originally, the base was pretty small. Founded in 1911, the Great Lakes Naval Training Center started with only 39 buildings. It slowly expanded over the years, and today, it is almost completely self-sufficient. The base has its own fire station, jail, stores, police, and maintenance department.
The training center processes around 50,000 recruits per year, and at any time there will be up to 15,000 recruits enrolled in the programs. These recruits are actually processed and trained by the Recruit Training Command, or RTC, a tenant command of Great Lakes Naval Training Center. The RTC has a $72 million training facility, and several hundred million dollars have been invested in the whole base, including the brand new top of the line barracks that were built recently.
Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, located in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is the major operating base for the Navy’s Amphibious Forces. The base spans 2,120 acres, and hosts more than 15,000 personnel. It also has 27 home ported ships which is maintains, as well as 78 support activities/residents. In October, 2009, Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek was officially merged with Fort Story, an Army base. The base is now officially called Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story.
Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst is actually located about 3 miles away from the town of Lakehurst, New Jersey, in Ocean County. Recently, in October, 2009, the base became part of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, which is often called JB MDL. The station is operated by the Naval Air Systems Command, and is a major military airport.
Unfortunately, this base has a tragic past. It is primarily known as the location of the Hindenburg disaster, which took place on May 6, 1937. Before the disaster happened, Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst was the center of naval Airship development. The station played home to 4 major airships the Navy had at that time. One of them, the Shenandoah, had its own hanger built, the Hanger One. For quite some time, this hanger held the world record for the largest single room. Today, the station is used primarily to ensure the safety of aircrafts, especially during launch periods. It’s one of the navy’s primary control sites for aircraft launches, and oversees the safety of hundreds of launches each year.
NAS Atlanta was decommissioned as a Navy air station in 2007. Today, it is called the General Lucius D. Clay National Guard Center, and serves as homeport for Georgia’s National Guard. The National Guard took control of the base in 2007, but the name change did not become official, and Navy operations continued, until September, 2009.
Before, when the base was still known as NAS Atlanta, it served as a major Navy base. It was commissioned in April 1955, when Congress approved almost $4 million for the development of a new Navy station. They wanted a station in a good location that could have long runways, and be able to launch larger planes. They chose a location right next to Dobbins Air Reserve Base, near Marietta, Georgia. In fact, NAS Atlanta actually shared its runways with Dobbins Base.
The only Navy air base in Maine, Naval Air Station Brunswick is located just 2 miles northeast of Brunswick, Maine. The base has a lot of history, but is due to be closed down in 2011. The runways have already been shut down, with the last aircraft departing on November 28th, 2009, and the runways being officially closed down in January, 2010. Though the NAS is set to be closed, there are still big plans for it. The plan is to turn it into a green energy park, named Brunswick Landing. It will be open to the public, and should begin being built shortly after the base closes in early 2011.
NAS Brunswick was built in 1943, and used from 1943-1946. It was inactive for several years, and reopened in 1951. It has been used steadily since then. The NAS is currently commanded by Captain George G. Womack, and there are 2,317 active members stationed there. However, due to the future closure of the base, that number is going down quickly, so an accurate figure is hard to get.
Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, which is commonly called Truax Field, is located about 6 miles from the central point of Corpus Christi, Texas. The base is currently commanded by Captain Randolph F. Pierson, and is used primarily as a training station for navy pilots. Due to the complexity of today’s navy aircrafts, the training program at NAS Corpus Christi has been extended to 18 months. There are approximately 400 new recruits who join the training program at Corpus Christi each year.
NAS Fallon is the Navy’s premier air-to-air and air-to-ground training facilities. Located just southeast of Fallon, Nevada, the base has been in operation since 1942. Since late 1996, the base has been home to the Naval Fighter Weapons School (known as TOPGUN). The base is surrounded by roughly 84,000 acres of bombing test grounds.
When NAS Fallon was built in 1942, its purpose was to defend the West Coast from a possible Japanese invasion. Since the invasion never actually happened, the Navy adapted the base to be useful still. Instead of shutting the base down, the Navy took it over to train their personnel. The base was upgraded to a Major Command by the Navy on the first of January, 1972, signifying its importance as a training center. In 1996, TOPGUN was transferred from NAS Miramar to NAS Fallon, further increasing its strategic importance to the US Navy. It’s not the biggest base the Navy has, nor the most populated, but it’s a very important base because of the training it offers, as well as the strategic location.
NAS Jacksonville, located in Jacksonville, Florida, is only 4 miles away from the main business district of Jacksonville. It’s one of the 2 stations in Duval County, and one of the main sources for work in the area. Naval Air Station Jacksonville is commanded by Captain John C. Scorby, and hosts a number of Navy ships, as well as many active duty members.
Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, commonly abbreviated NAS JRB Fort Worth, is located 6 miles from the central district of Fort Worth, Texas. The airfield also spans the towns of Westworth Village and White Settlement. There are several operations headquartered at NAS JRB Fort Worth, including aviation squadrons, Seabees and intelligence commands.
The base was built in 1932, and was designated as Tarrant Field Airdrome in 1941. The base was later renamed as Fort Worth Army Air Field on the 2nd of January, 1942. In late 1993, as a result of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission’s decision, personnel and operations from Naval Air Station Dallas were relocated to the air field, which was then renamed NAS Fort Worth JRB.
Located in Belle Chase, Louisiana, Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base New Orleans is US Military base. It’s been in operation (under its current name and purpose) since April, 1958. It is home to the 159th Fighter Wing, as well as many other Navy units. The commanding officer of NAS Joint Reserve Base New Orleans is Captain William J. Snyder.
Before NAS JRB New Orleans was commissioned, the area was known as NAS New Orleans. NAS New Orleans was in use until 1957, and covered the area that the University of New Orleans currently covers. Before its switch to JRB, NAS New Orleans served as a major military base during World War 2.
NAS JRB Willow Grove, or Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Willow Grove, is located in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. It’s about 4 miles away from Willow Grove, the town it gets its name from, and it’s just a bit north from Philadelphia. The base is currently commanded by Captain David Opatz, and is used primarily as a training base for navy aviation.
NAS JRB Willow Grove was built in 1928. It has remained active ever since, but it’s had several different uses. In the beginning, up until 1942, the base was not actually a military base. It was an airfield and hanger, used by its owner to design and build ships. In 1942, the US Military purchased the base, to use in the war effort. At this time, it was used as an anti-submarine warfare center, and proved vital to success in World War 2. After the war ended, the base was transformed to be used primarily for aviation training, and is currently used as such by the Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, Air National Guard, Army National Guard, and the Army Reserve.
Naval Air Station Key West, which is located in Key West, Florida, is a naval air station and military airport. It is located pretty close to the main business district of Key West, with just about 4 miles between it and the main strip in town.
NAS Key West is primarily focused on national security. It monitors threats, and reports directly to the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, several federal agencies, allied forces, and even the National Guard. The base was built on December 15, 1940, but the Navy has had a presence in this area for much longer than that.
Naval Air Station Kingsville, located 3 miles east of Kingsville, Texas, is commanded by Captain Phillip J. Waddingham. NAS Kingsville primarily operations smaller-engine aircrafts, and flies primarily over land. They are not as well-equipped for over-water flights as larger bases such as NAS Corpus Christi, but they are great at what they do. NAS Kingsville is also famous for the Wings Over South Texas Air Show, which is held annually.
The base was built on July 4, 1942, and has been in use ever since. Today, NAS Kingsville is used primarily to train navy aviators. In fact, the base is one of the Navy’s premier training facilities for jet aviation. NAS Kingsville trains student Naval Aviators from the US Navy and US Marine Corps. The NAS is home to Training Air Wing TWO, as well as many tenant commands.
Naval Air Station Lemoore, originally commissioned in 1961, is one of the newest air station in the navy. The base consists of 2 parallel runways, which lie approximately 4,600 feet apart. Both runways are 13,500 feet long, making them plenty big enough to launch any type of aircraft. NAS Lemoore is also the Navy’s largest master jet air station, and is home to the Strike Fighter Wing Pacific squadron, as well as many other high-ranking naval squadrons.
Naval Air Station Meridian is located near the town of Meridian, Mississippi, and spans the counties of Lauderdale and Kemper. It is one of the Navy’s 2 jet strike pilot training centers, and plays a vital role in the Navy. It was commissioned on July 14, 1961, and has been active ever since. It is currently commanded by Captain Charles Gibson, and has a relatively small population. The Air Operations unit at NAS Meridian has only 230 personnel, both military and civilian.
There are several divisions and tenant commands at NAS Meridian, but the bases main purpose is to train jet strike fighter pilots. The training is very intensive, and requires strong, motivated and skilled individuals. This is one of the Navy’s premier pilot training locations, and is known as such throughout the military. Some tenant commands at NAS Meridian include: Training Air Wing 1, Training Squadron 9, Training Squadron 7, Naval Technical Training Center, and the Marine Aviation Training Support Squadron 1. The station also commands a search and rescue team, which uses HH-1N Huey helicopters.
North Island Naval Air Station is located on the Coronado peninsula, on the west coast of the United States. It is part of Naval Base Coronado, the largest aerospace-industrial complex in the Navy. NAS North Island is pretty close to San Diego, and in fact used to be called NAS San Diego.
NAS North Island is home to several Navy aircraft carriers, as well as 23 aviation squadrons, plus an additional ~80 tenant commands, such as the Naval Aviation Depot, which happens to be the largest employer in San Diego’s Aerospace industry. The Depot employs more than 3,300 civilians, and has its own commissary, as well as housing units for Navy families.
Naval Air Station Oceana, located in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is a Navy Master Jet Base. It’s commonly called NAS Oceana, or the Apollo Soucek field. Apollo Saucek was a navy test pilot, and a world-record holder in 1930 for the highest altitude reached. Saucek reached a maximum altitude of 43,166 feet in a Curtis Hawk Biplane.
Naval Air Station Oceana has its roots in 1940, when the Navy bought the land that would later become the only Master Jet Base on the east coast. Naval Air Station Oceana was commissioned in 1943, and is currently commanded by Captain Mark R. Hunter.
NAS Patuxent River is located adjacent to the mouth of the Patuxent River, and is on the Chesapeake Bay, in the county of Saint Mary’s, Maryland. The base plays home to the Naval Test Pilot School, and is essential in the process of training new pilots. The base was commissioned originally on April 1, 1943, and started as a small center for tests, evaluations and systems acquisition. It quickly grew in response to the demand presented by World War 2. Today, the base serves not only as a training place for test pilots, but also a grounds for testing new weapons.
Naval Air Station Pensacola is often referred to as “The Cradle of Naval Aviation”. It is located just next to Warrington, Florida, which is just south of the Pensacola city limits. NAS Pensacola is the primary training station for Navy, Marine, Coast Guard and Naval Flight officers. NAS Pensacola is perhaps most famous for playing home to the legendary Blue Angels, the US Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron, and arguably the best pilots in the world.
Point Mugu NAS, or Naval Air Station Point Mugu, is located in Ventura county, California. Before 2000, Point Mugu was its own organization. Today, after some Naval realignment actions in 2000, NAS Point Mugu is now part of Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC). This NAS also shared runway space with the National Guard at the Channel Islands Air National Guard Station.
Naval Air Station Whidbey Island is one of Washington State’s 3 navy bases, and is located in 2 locations in Oak Harbor, Washington. It’s a fairly old base, and it was commissioned officially on September 21, 1942. The primary portion of the base is known as Ault Field, named after Commander William B. Ault, who was labeled as MIA in the Battle of the Coral Sea. The airfield is about 3 miles north of Oak Harbor. The other, smaller section of the base is called the Seaplane Base. Though it’s smaller, the Seaplane Base has most of the housing, as well as the main Navy Exchange.
NAS Whiting Field is a US Navy Base located in Santa Rosa County, near the town of Milton, Florida. It is one of the Navy’s primary pilot training centers, and it also provides training for the Coast Guard, Air Force, and Marine Corps pilots. It gets its name from Kenneth Whiting, a submarine commander who eventually worked his way up to Captain, and was awarded the Navy Cross, one of the Navy’s most prestigious awards. He also helped to convert an old Jupiter into the Navy’s first active aircraft carrier.
The National Naval Medical Center, which is located in Bethesda, Maryland, is also called the Bethesda Naval Hospital. And that’s just what it is – a massive Navy hospital and medical research center. It is widely considered the flagship of the Navy’s medical division, and is where almost all of the Navy’s medical and dental research takes place. The National Naval Medical Center plays a very important role in the US. Not only does it contribute greatly to the research done by the Military, it also provides health care for world leaders, including the president and the presidential family.
Naval Construction Battalion Center, based in Port Hueneme, California, is the West Coast homeport for the Navy Seabees. Port Hueneme, actually pronounced “why nee mee”, trains and supports mobilization for over 2,600 active personnel. This base, commonly abbreviated CBC or CBC Port Hueneme, also commands and operates Naval Base Ventura County. Located just 60 miles northwest of Los Angeles, CBC Port Hueneme is on the Southern California cost, on the Oxnard Plain, a highly agricultural area,
The Gulfport Naval Construction Battalion Center is a support base for several units of the Naval Construction Force. It plays home to Navy Mobile Construction units 1, 7, 74, 133, and the 20th Naval Construction Regiment. The base stores most of the Navy’s construction equipment, and it’s main purpose is to provide services and a base for all the Navy’s construction crews. It’s also ready to mobilize its forces at almost any time, to counter emergencies.
Gulfport Naval Construction Battalion Center was originated on June 2, 1942. It’s located in Gulfport, Mississippi. It started as a place for Navy “Seabees” (which were simply helpful civilians at this point) to help the war effort by building military installations and equipment. The base was used heavily during World War 2, primarily as a training ground and construction center. The training center was eventually decommissioned, and was replaced by a large Navy storehouse, which was used to store tons of military and Navy equipment. It’s still used today as a storehouse, as well as a command center for military construction projects.
Naval Hospital Beaufort is located in Port Royal, South Carolina. It is one of the very few medical complexes that is actually on its own. Most medical centers in the navy, and the rest of the military for that matter, are part of larger bases or complexes. But Naval Hospital Beaufort is completely self-standing, and is quite sizable considering this. There are around 200 hospital beds available for military personnel and family members at Naval Hospital Beaufort.
Located in Charleston, South Carolina, Naval Hospital Charleston has been around for quite some time. But it wasn’t always called Naval Hospital Charleston. In the beginning, the land that is currently NH Charleston was established as the Charleston Navy Yard, on June 7, 1900. On November 2, 1902, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery bought almost 100 acres of the land from the city of Charleston. The Bureau was located on the northwest side of the existing Navy yard, and later on in the century, roughly 50 acres of land was transferred to the Yard, leaving around 43 acres to the hospital.
Naval Submarine Base New London is the U.S. Navy’s primary submarine base. Because of this, it has been named “the Submarine Capitol of the World”, and “Home of the Submarine Force” by many people from all around the world. NSB New London is also one of the oldest Navy bases that is still in use today. The base is actually located in the Connecticut town on Groton, but it was named base New London because the headquarters and housing for the base were located in New London.
Originally founded in 1868, Naval Submarine Base New London started as a tiny speck of a base. It wasn’t until 1872, when federal funding finally came in, that the base actually started to grow. The base was not known as a submarine base until about 1916, when many US Submarines used the base as a homeport, and a place to rest, repair and resupply before returning to the front of the war effort. Submarines played a large role in both world wars, and Naval Submarine Base New London helped them out greatly.
The Corry Station Naval Technical Training Center is located in Myrtle Grove, Florida. Corry Station is the US Navy’s primary base for information dominance, and is one of the major Military information centers in the US. Since its decommission as an active airfield in 1958, it’s earned quite a reputation as a premier intelligence base for the US Navy.
Located in the northeast of California’s Mojave desert, the China Lake base is adjacent to Ridgecrest, California, and is in the counties of San Bernardina, Inyo, and Kern.
The China Lake NAWS is most known for its soldering technology. The base specializes in weapons development, and operates a full-spectrum weapons system.
The main air station is located several miles away from the real China Lake, the base’s namesake. NAWS China Lake is the largest navy base in the US, with total land holdings around 1.1 million acres.
Located just 70 miles east of San Diego, the Coronado Naval Base has more than 5,000 active civilians and duty. The base is actually a large network of Navy installations. There are 8 installations total in Navy Base Coronado: Naval Air Station North Island, an aerospace-industrial complex, Outlying Field Imperial beach, a facility for helicopters, Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, one of the US’s biggest shore command centers, Naval Auxiliary Landing Field San Clemente Island, a large military airport, Silver Strand Training Complex, a well-respected Special Forces training facility, La Posta Mountain Warfare Training Facility, which is used by the Naval Special Warfare Center, and the Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape Facility Warner Springs. These facilities total more than 57,000 acres, which makes Naval Base Coronado the largest Navy command point in the southwest US.
Naval Base Kitsap is one of 3 navy bases in Washington State, and is located on the Kitsap peninsula. It’s a recent addition to the navy lineup, as it was actually created in 2004. The base was not really “built” specifically, but it was actually made up of 2 bases that were intended to be closed, but were combined instead. These two bases were Naval Station Bremerton and Naval Submarine Base Bangor, which combined to form the modern Naval Base Kitsap. Naval Base Kitsap is currently the largest navy facility in Navy Region Northwest, and has installations in Bremerton, Bangor and Keyport.
Naval Base Point Loma was originally opened in 1959. Located in San Diego, California, Point Loma has been in operation since its opening. It is still an active Navy base, with around 22,000 active and civilian personnel. The base is commanded by Captain Paul A. Marconi, a respected Navy officer.
Naval Base Point Loma actually consists of 7 different stations: Submarine Base, Fleet Antisubmarine Training Center, Fleet Combat Training Center Pacific, Naval Consolidated Brig Miramar, Fleet Intelligence Command Pacific, Space and Naval Warfare Weapons Command, and SPAWAR Systems center. The whole base is a hub of activity, especially considering the 7 major stations, all of which play a major role in the Navy’s operations.
Naval Station San Diego, also called NS San Diego or even Naval Base San Diego, is the west coast’s largest Navy base. The name of NS San Diego has been changed more than 5 times, so there is a lot of confusion surrounding it. Covering 977 acres of land, and 326 acres of water, NS San Diego is one of the largest bases in the whole US Navy. The base boasts more than 20,000 military personnel, and around 6,000 civilians, making it quite large in terms of population as well.
Also known as NCTAMS PAC, the Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Pacific provides operation direction and management to Naval telecommunications users in the Pacific. On top of this, the facility also manages and operates Naval Telecommunication System and Defense Communication System assets. It works in conjunction with the US Department of Defense, the US Navy, and many other federal organizations.
NCTAMS PAC has been active since 1906. It is located in Wahiawa, Hawaii. It was used heavily during World War 2, after the US Pacific Fleets were moved to Pearl Harbor to help the war effort. With so many boats in dock, it became obvious that a telecommunications command center would be necessary. During the war, there were several communications facilities in Wahiawa and the surrounding area. After the war ended, an appointed committee decided that the systems should be condensed into a single base, so they combined them all into Naval Communications Station Honolulu, which was later renamed Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Pacific, or NCTAMS PAC, the modern name for the station.
Norfolk Naval Shipyard, located in Portsmouth, Virginia, is one of the largest navy shipyards in the world. Norfolk Naval Shipyard repairs, renovates, and builds navy ships, as well as ships from the Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and occasionally allied nations. It is also the oldest shipyard still in use by the navy. The base was originally created in 1767, and was named Gosport Shipyard at the time. It was run by the British Royal Navy, and was used to build and repair ships. The US Navy took over the base in 1862, and has used it ever since. The base has been named Norfolk Naval Shipyard since 1862.
Naval Station Everett, which is located in Everett, Washington, is the navy’s most modern facility. Located around 25 miles north of Seattle, the base was built very recently in 1994. Naval Station Everett was designed for, and is currently used for, the storage of the Navy Carrier Strike Group. There are currently 2 destroyers, 1 nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 3 frigates stationed at NS Everett, as well as several Coast Guard boats.
Naval Station Ingleside is located in Ingleside, Texas. It is directly on the northern shore of the Corpus Christi Bay, and is only 12 miles east of the central district of Corpus Christi, Texas. Naval Station Ingleside is part of the Naval Region South, along with its 2 fellow southern bases. The base was commanded in its later years by Captain Leland “BT” D. Taylor.
Naval Air Station Mayport is located in Duval County, Florida. It is a major US Navy Base, and is just adjacent to the town of Jacksonville. It contains Admiral David L Mcdonald Field, a mid-sized military airfield.
Originally commissioned in December 1942, NS Mayport has continued to grow in size and reputation. Today, it boasts the 3rd-largest naval fleet concentration in the United States. It has a very busy harbor, which is able to accommodate up to 34 large ships, and a good sized runway that is capable of launching almost any aircraft the Navy or Department of Defense has.
Naval Station Newport, located in the towns of Newport and Middletown, is the only navy base in Rhode Island. It’s one of the navy’s oldest bases, and is home to the Naval War Challenge. Today, the base is used primarily to maintain inactive ships. It is also used as an operation center for the US Coast Guard.
Originally built in 1883, the base was once used as the home for Cruiser Destroyer Force Atlantic. Naval Station Newport is used today to maintain and clean inactive ships, and is commanded by Captain Michel Thomas Poirier. NS Newport is also a host for visiting fleets quite often, and keeps all their maintenance facilities ready and working so when fleets do visit, they’re ready to go.
2 large ships are currently stationed at Naval Station Newport. These ships are the USS Forrestal, and the Saratoga. It is already scheduled for the USS Forrestal to be sunk to create an artificial coral reef. The Saratoga’s fate is not yet decided, but there have been many rumors about it being turned into a museum.
Naval Station Norfolk, which is located in Norfolk, Virginia, supports naval forces in the Fleet Forces Command. It oversees Navy operations in the Atlantic, Indian, and Mediterranean oceans. Norfolk Station spans about 4 miles of waterfront space, and has many large piers to accommodate huge navy ships. Naval Station Norfolk is the largest naval station in the entire world. It hosts 75 ships and 134 aircraft, and boasts an impressive 14 piers, 11 aircraft hangers, and hundreds of houses for military families.
Naval Support Activity Mid-South, commonly abbreviated NSA Mid-South, is a Navy base in Millington, Tennessee. Today, NSA Mid-South serves primarily as one of the Navy’s premier human resources centers. The Navy Personnel Command, Navy Recruiting Command, and the Navy Manpower Analysis Center are all headquartered at NSA Mid-South.
The base was built in late 1917. At that time, it was used by the Army Signal Corps as an aviation school. It was used heavily during World War 1, and was named Park Field at the time. In 1920, the US Government purchased the base to use for airmail. It slowly dwindled down until it was only used for storage. When World War 2 started, the base was again used as a training center for pilots.
Today, the base has about 7,500 personnel, both enlisted men and officers. It provides essential logistical data and operational support to the commands and activities of the Navy. It is also one of the single largest employers in the state of Tennessee, which has a significant impact on the local economy.
The Naval Support Activity New Orleans spans both shores of the Mississippi River. The purpose of the facility is to support and meet the needs of military personnel, both in and out of battle. Today, the base plays home to the Naval Air Force Reserve, the Marine Forces Reserve, the 4th Marine Division, and the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing. There are around 3,900 active duty members stationed at Naval Support Activity New Orleans, and around 2,700 civilians who are personnel at the base.
Located around 35 miles north of Albany, the Saratoga Springs Naval Support Unit is the only Navy base in the state of New York. It supports the commands of the Ballston Spa Naval Nuclear Power Training Unit and the Navy Recruiting Region North Customer Service Detachment facility, as well as several others. It is located in a fairly quiet suburb of New York State, and it’s pretty far from any major towns.
As far as physical size, Saratoga Springs Naval Support Unit is pretty average. As population goes, it’s more on the small side. Currently, the Saratoga Springs NSU is home to about 1,700 active duty members, and around 3,200 family members. This number fluctuates regularly, so it’s hard to get an exact figure. Saratoga Springs NSU is fairly well equipped as far as support facilities go. There are 200 houses available for military personnel, with a wait time of around 6 months. There are also several recreational activities available to servicemen and their families, including swimming, tennis, and a nice gym.
Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay is located adjacent to the town of St. Mary’s, Georgia, in the county of Camden. Kings Bay is homeport to many of the Atlantic Fleet’s many submarines, and especially the Ballistic Missile Nuclear Submarines of the US Navy. On land, the base stretches over about 16,000 acres, 4,000 of which are protected wildlife wetlands.
Kings Bay was originally a US Army controlled base, but in 1975, the Navy took the area and began developing a massive submarine complex. The United States was negotiating a treaty with Spain, and one of Spain’s conditions was that all Nuclear Submarines in the area must be removed. The Navy needed a place to relocate the subs, and that’s why Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay was proposed, and was eventually established on July 1, 1978.
The Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren, commonly abbreviated NSWC Dahlgren, is located in Dahlgren, Virginia. It was originally named the U.S. Naval Proving Ground, and was established in October, 1918. In early 1950, the base was renamed to the U.S. Naval Weapons Laboratory, and in 1974, it was renamed once again to the Naval Surface Weapons Center. It finally obtained its current name in 1990.
Located on the west bank of the Copper river in North Charleston, South Carolina, Naval Weapons Station Charleston spans an impressive 17,000 acres, including 10,000 acres of wetlands and forests. The base is very large, and hosts more than 11,000 personnel, along with 3,600 family members in on-base housing.
Naval Weapons Station Charleston was commissioned on November 5, 1941. It was named the United States Naval Ammunition Depot, and was used as an ammunition distribution and collection center. During World War 2, thousands of tons of ammunition were loaded onto boats at the Naval Ammunition Depot. Most of these boats were coming from the nearby Charleston Naval Shipyard.
One of only 2 Navy bases in New Jersey, Naval Weapons Station Earle has been in operation since 1943, but not under the same name. During World War 2, there was a very great need for ammo and supply depots on the east coast, near New York City. Naval Weapons Station Earle was the answer. The depot was originally called the Naval Ammunition Depot Earle. It was named after Rear Admiral Ralph Earle, the chief of the Bureau of Ordinance during World War 1. The base was constructed in a perfect location: right on the water, for easy ship access, and right on several railroads, so ammunition and other supplies could be shipped to and from the depot easily.
The base was officially commissioned on December 13, 1943, and work continued on it for several years more. After World War 2 ended, the base, still called Naval Ammunition Depot Earle, continued to expand. It was finally renamed to Naval Weapons Station Earle in 1974, and divided into 2 main sections: main side, and the waterfront area.
Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a navy base in York County, Virginia. It supports the US Atlantic fleet by providing weapons and ammunitions storage for ships in the fleet, as well as providing a loading and docking facility. Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is approximately 20 square miles, and covers about 1/5 of the land mass in York County. Most of the base is in York County, except for a small area that’s in James City County.
Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, located in Kittery, on the southern border of Main, is used for remodeling and repairing Navy ships. It gets its name from the nearby town of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. The shipyard is currently commanded by Captain L. Bryant Fuller, and is the navy’s oldest shipyard. It was originally established in 1800, and has been in use ever since. This makes it the longest continuously running navy shipyard in the US.
Today, the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard is mainly used for repairs. But in World War 1, the base was used primarily to construct submarines to aid in the war effort. It was used very heavily in World War 2, also to construct submarines, as well as repair ships. The workforce of the base soared to 25,000 during World War 2, and over 70 submarines were made there during the war, and countless vessels were repaired. After World War 2, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard was the Navy’s primary center for submarine design and development. The shipyard discontinued producing subs in 1969, and is used today only for modernization, remodeling, and repair.
The United States Naval Academy, which is often referred to as USNA or Annapolis, is a federal service academy located in the town of Annapolis, Maryland. It is the training grounds for most of the Navy’s servicemen and officers, and is the second oldest training academy in the US. The academy was established in 1845, and has been in use ever since. The base is located about 33 miles east of Washington, DC, which is appropriate considering the purpose of the base.